Rolls-Royce Motor Cars is an English manufacturer of luxury cars based at the Goodwood plant in West Sussex, England. The factory is located across from the historic Goodwood Circuit in Goodwood, West Sussex, England. It is a wholly owned subsidiary of German automaker BMW and is the current producer of Rolls-Royce branded cars, whose historical production dates back to 1904 through Rolls-Royce Limited and Rolls-Royce Motors.
Rolls-Royces are renowned for their reliability and stability. An estimated three out of every four Rolls-Royces ever made are still on the road.
|Founded||March 1998 (Predecessor: Rolls-Royce Limited 1906)|
Charles Stewart Rolls
|Key people||Torsten Müller-Ötvös, CEO
Peter Schwarzenbauer, Chairman
History-Studebaker Corporation was a United States wagon and automobile manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana. Founded in 1852 and incorporated in 1868 under the name of the Studebaker Brothers Manufacturing Company, the company was originally a producer of wagons for farmers, miners, and the military.
|First by far with a post-war car|
|Headquarters||South Bend, Indiana, United States|
|Key people||Studebaker brothers (below)|
Ford Motor Company (also known simply as Ford) is an American multinational automaker headquartered in Dearborn, Michigan, a suburb of Detroit. It was founded by Henry Ford and incorporated on June 16, 1903. The company sells automobiles and commercial vehicles under the Ford brand and luxury cars under the Lincoln brand. In the past it has also produced heavy trucks, tractors and automotive components. Ford owns small stakes in Mazda of Japan and Aston Martin of the United Kingdom. It is listed on the New York Stock Exchange and is controlled by the Ford family, although they have minority ownership.
Ford introduced methods for large-scale manufacturing of cars and large-scale management of an industrial workforce using elaborately engineered manufacturing sequences typified by moving assembly lines; by 1914 these methods were known around the world as Fordism. Ford’s former UK subsidiaries Jaguar and Land Rover, acquired in 1989 and 2000 respectively, were sold to Tata Motors in March 2008. Ford owned the Swedish automaker Volvo from 1999 to 2010. In 2011, Ford discontinued the Mercury brand, under which it had marketed entry-level luxury cars in the United States since 1938.
Ford is the second-largest U.S.-based automaker and the fifth-largest in the world based on 2010 vehicle sales. At the end of 2010, Ford was the fifth largest automaker in Europe. Ford is the eighth-ranked overall American-based company in the 2010 Fortune 500 list, based on global revenues in 2009 of $118.3 billion. In 2008, Ford produced 5.532 million automobiles and employed about 213,000 employees at around 90 plants and facilities worldwide.
|Traded as||NYSE: F
(S&P 500 Component)
|Founded||June 16, 1903 (110 years ago)|
|Headquarters||Dearborn, Michigan, U.S.
|Key people||William C. Ford, Jr.
Alan R. Mulally
(President & CEO)
|Revenue|| US$136.26 billion (2011)
|Operating income|| US$8.681 billion (2011)
|Net income|| US$20.21 billion (2011)
|Total assets|| US$178.35 billion (2011)
|Total equity|| US$15.07 billion (2011)
General Motors Company, Inc., commonly known as GM (General Motors Corporation before 2009), is an American multinational automotive corporation headquartered in Detroit, Michigan, and among the world’s largest automakers by vehicle unit sales and led global sales for 77 consecutive years from 1931 through 2007, longer than any other automaker, employing 202,000 people and doing business in some 157 countries. General Motors is divided into five business segments: GM North America (GMNA), GM Europe (GME), GM International Operations (GMIO), GM South America (GMSA), and GM Financial.
General Motors produces cars and trucks in 37 countries, and sells and services the vehicles through the following brands: Chevrolet, Buick, GMC, Cadillac, Baojun, Holden, Isuzu, Jie Fang, Opel, Vauxhall, and Wuling.
GM acts in most countries outside the USA via direct subsidiaries, but in China through 10 joint ventures.
GM’s OnStar subsidiary provides vehicle safety, security and information services.
In 2009, the company shed several brands, closing Saturn and Pontiac, and emerged from a government backed Chapter 11 reorganization. In 2010, GM made an initial public offering that was one of the world’s top 5 largest IPOs to date. GM returned to profitability in 2010.
|Traded as||NYSE: GM
S&P 500 Component
|Predecessor(s)||General Motors Corporation
|Founded||September 16, 1908(104 years ago)|
|Founder(s)||William C. Durant, Charles Stewart Mott|
|Number of locations||396 facilities on six continents|
|Key people||Daniel Akerson, Chairman andCEO
Mark Reuss, President
|Revenue|| US$ 150.276 billion (2011)
|Operating income|| US$ 9.287 billion (2011)
|Net income|| US$ 7.585 billion (2011)
|Total assets|| US$ 144.60 billion (2011)
|Total equity|| US$ 38.99 billion (2011)
GM Fleet & Commercial
British Motor Corporation
The British Motor Corporation Limited (BMC) was a Longbridge, United Kingdom, based vehicle manufacturer, a new holding company formed in early 1952 to give effect to an agreed merger of the Morris and Austin businesses.
The agreed exchange of shares in Morris or Austin for shares in the new holding company, BMC, became effective in mid-April 1952.
In September 1965 BMC took control of its major suppliers (of bodies) Pressed Steel acquiring Jaguar’s body supplier in the process.
In September 1966 BMC took control of Jaguar Cars Limited.
On 14 December 1966 BMC changed its name to British Motor Holdings Limited or BMH.
BMH merged in May 1968 with Leyland Motor Corporation Limited ,which made trucks and buses and were owners of Standard-Triumph International Limited, BMH becoming the major, if flaccid, part of British Leyland Motor Corporation.
|Fate||became a subsidiary of British Leyland Motor Corporation|
|Predecessor(s)||Morris Motors Limited
Austin Motor Company Limited
|Successor(s)||British Leyland Motor Corporation Limited|
|Founded||1952 amalgamating Morris and Austin|
|Defunct||see British Leyland Motor Corporation|
|Headquarters||Longbridge, England, United Kingdom|
|Key people||Leonard Lord
|Products||(include) Morris Minor, Mini, 1100,
Chandler Motor Company
In 1920, Chandler had a line of 6 cars, ranging from $1995 to $3595. This grew to ten by 1922, ranging from $1495 to $2375. Like many other medium-price carmakers, in the middle 1920s Chandler introduced a lower-priced “companion car” called the Cleveland.
Chandler’s peak year was 1927, when they sold 20,000 cars. Hopes for continued growth of the market led to overexpansion by the company the following year, which finished 1928 over half a million dollars in debt.
In 1929, Chandler Motor Company was purchased by its expanding competitor Hupp Motor Works for its factory and manufacturing facilities, and the brand was discontinued.
Chandler, like most cars built before all-steel bodies became the industry standard in the mid-1930s, used bodies built with a metal skin around a wooden frame (an “armored wood” frame). Due to the fabric roofs incorporated, after a few decades the wood tended to rot; because of this Chandlers have survived in smaller numbers than some other more popular automobiles of the era.
- Chandler Light Weight Model 19 Touring 1919
- Chandler Opera Coupe, 1919
- Chandler Metropolitan Sedan, 1922
Founded in 1919 by French industrialist André-Gustave Citroën (1878–1935), Citroën was the first mass-production car company outside the USA and pioneered the modern concept of creating a sales and services network that complements the motor car. Within eight years Citroën had become Europe’s largest car manufacturer and the 4th largest in the world.
Citroën earned a reputation for innovation and revolutionary engineering, which is reflected in the company’s slogan “Créative Technologie”. Its history of innovation began with its founding, when André-Gustave Citroën introduced the first industrial mass production of vehicles outside the United States, a technique he developed while mass-producing armaments for the French military in World War I. In 1924, Citroën produced Europe’s first all-steel-bodied car, the B-10. In 1934, Citroën secured its reputation for innovation with its Traction Avant, not only the world’s first mass-produced front-wheel drive car, but also one of the first cars to feature a monocoque-type body. In 1954 Citroën produced the world’s first hydropneumatic self-levelling suspension system, then in 1955 the revolutionary Citroën DS, the first European production car with disc brakes. In 1967, Citroën introduced the first swiveling headlights in several models, allowing for greater visibility on winding roads.
The brand celebrated its 90th Anniversary in 2009.
|Founded||Paris, France (1919)|
|Key people||Frédéric Saint Geours, Director|
|Production output||1,435,688 vehicles (2011)|
|Parent||PSA Peugeot Citroën|